Food manufacturing and processing covers everything from simple processes to complex and sophisticated systems that use expensive equipment to create products bearing little resemblance to their original ingredients.
The food processing industry includes home bakers who sell a handful of loaves to friends and neighbors, as well as multinational manufacturers that distribute mass-produced products around the globe. Food manufacturing is the process of taking edible raw materials and transforming them into food products that can be bought and sold. The U. Bureau of Labor Statistics defines food manufacturing as industries that transform livestock and agricultural products into products for immediate or final consumption.
Except for salt, which is a mined mineral, virtually every other basic food ingredient falls under the scope of livestock or agricultural products. The key element in the BLS definition is the transformation of these original foods into other foods using equipment, recipes and food production techniques such as baking, fermenting or chemical processes.
Food manufacturing and food production definitions differ in that the former refers to food products created with equipment and machinery, while the latter describes processes that could be performed by home cooks, albeit in smaller quantities. Humans have been processing food from the earliest times. The fundamental process of roasting an animal that has been hunted is a type of food processing, as is the act of separating meat from bones and incorporating these elements into a stew.
Early farming communities processed grains into bread, tortillas and beer. Once they began domesticating livestock, Neolithic humans processed the milk from these animals into cheese and yogurt. Olive oil may have been the first manufactured food product, coming into production in about B.
Because of its usefulness and shelf life, olive oil was also among the first widely traded food products. Sugar was first manufactured in about B. John Harvey Kellogg began manufacturing cornflakes in ; chicken nuggets were first manufactured in the s; and food scientists first developed lab-grown meat in Because of its scale, food manufacturing can be a source of dangerous foodborne illness.
The pressure to make an operation profitable can lead to cutting corners and lack of attention to detail. Regulatory agencies such as the U.
Edition 8.1 Guidance Documents: The SQF Food Safety Code for Manufacturing – Module 11
Department of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration oversee food safety, but it is up to individual food manufacturers to ensure that food safety protocols are in place and are conscientiously followed.
A Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points plan can identify and address points in the food manufacturing process where food safety issues are most likely to occur. Food processors can create their own plans by creating flow charts that map the handling and processing of ingredients. Devra Gartenstein founded her first food business in In she transformed her most recent venture, a farmers market concession and catering company, into a worker-owned cooperative.
She does one-on-one mentoring and consulting focused on entrepreneurship and practical business skills. Share It. TL;DR Too Long; Didn't Read Food manufacturing is the process of taking edible raw materials and transforming them into food products that can be bought and sold. About the Author. Photo Credits.ERS research in this topic area focuses on the economic, social, spatial, temporal, and demographic factors that affect the poverty status of rural residents.
ERS conducts research on USDA's child nutrition programs and their role in children's food security, diets, and well-being. The data include historical U. ERS compares the prices paid by consumers for food with the prices received by farmers for their corresponding commodities. These comparisons are reported for a variety of foods sold in retail food stores.
USDA's year projections for the food and agriculture sector cover major agricultural commodities, agricultural trade, and aggregate indicators of the U. State, metropolitan area, and micropolitan area estimates of access to healthy food, along with estimates of access for subpopulations.
Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators,describes trends in economic, structural, resource, and environmental indicators in the agriculture sector. The indicators covered in this report provide assessments of important ch Stay informed by subscribing to our e-mail notification service! You will receive announcements of our latest reports and other news as shown on the ERS calendar.
This database contains statistics on four feed grains corn, grain sorghum, barley, and oatsforeign coarse grains feed grains plus rye, millet, and mixed grainshay, and related items.
This page contains data on monthly average price values at the farm, wholesale, and retail stages for selected cuts of beef, pork, and broilers. Analyzing the U. Food Insecurity Experience Scale, ERS researchers found that low levels of education, weak social networks, and the inability of a person to count on family and friends in times of need were common risk factors.
The animal pharmaceutical industry continues to develop new drugs, but a growing share are generic versions of existing animal drugs or are designed for companion animals instead of food animals.
Food and beverage manufacturing plants transform raw agricultural materials into products for intermediate or final consumption by applying labor, machinery, energy, and scientific knowledge.
Some products may serve as inputs for further processing such as syrup for manufacturing soda. Inthese plants accounted for 16 percent of the value of shipments from all U. Because intermediate inputs primarily agricultural materials account for a relatively large share of food and beverage manufacturers' costs, value added in food and beverage manufacturing represents a slightly smaller share Meat processing includes livestock and poultry slaughter, processing, and rendering, and is the largest single component of food and beverage manufacturing, with 24 percent of shipments in Other important components include dairy 13 percentbeverages 13 percentgrains and oilseeds 10 percentfruits and vegetables 8 percentand bakery and tortilla products 8 percent.
Embed this chart Download larger size chart pixels by96 dpi. Download chart data in Excel format. There are many food and beverage processing establishments plants in the U. These plants employed more than 1. The meat processing industry employed the largest percentage of food and beverage manufacturing workers in 31 percentfollowed by bakeries 16 percentand fruits and vegetables 10 percent.FOOD INDUSTRY MACHINES AND MANUFACTURING THAT ARE ON A BRAND NEW LEVEL
Food and beverage processing plants are located throughout the United States. According to the Census Bureau's County Business Patterns CBPCalifornia had the most food and beverage manufacturing plants 5, inwhile New York 2, and Texas 2, were also leading food and beverage manufacturing States.
The number of processing plants for various industry segments are also reported in County Business Patterns.
Download map data in Excel format. Consolidation is occurring in many food processing industries, where plant sizes have increased sharply and mergers have led to fewer but larger companies.
In many cases, changing processing plant technologies and the emergence of new scale economies has facilitated consolidation. Methods of vertical coordination are also changing, with a shift away from the use of spot markets toward greater reliance on contracting in some grains and in livestock see reports in the Agricultural Contracting Update series.
Concentration in several processing industries raises questions about market power in the sale of agricultural products and about the effects of concentration on innovation and productive efficiency. High and increasing levels of concentration in some sectors of the food industry, coupled with changing methods of vertical coordination between producers and processors, have led to concerns about reduced competition. Policy concerns include thinly-traded spot markets where processors could use informational advantages to lower prices paid to producers and increased difficulties in gathering market information and assessing market performance.
At the same time, contracts and vertical integration offer more opportunities for coordination that may foster gains in efficiency that would ultimately benefit producers, processors, and consumers.
For a discussion of the effects of increased concentration and coordination on producer prices and returns and policy options to address thin markets, see:. Trade U.In the wake of product scares involving melamine-tainted pet foods, lead-tainted toys, and melamine-tainted milk products, all originating in China, consumers in the U. However, consumers often found themselves frustrated in their efforts to be more selective buyers because many products are not labeled in ways that clearly indicate their point of origin.
A popular online item of the time was a reflection of those fears, a message that purportedly provided simple, helpful instructions for determining the country of origin of any product:.
Can You Determine a Product’s Country of Origin by Its Bar Code?
If the origin of what you buy is important to you, may I suggest that you write down on a card the size of your credit card and keep in your wallet, the following information.
Can you differentiate which one is made in Canada, Philippines, Taiwan or China? Therefore, we have to educate ourselves. However, you may now refer to the barcode, remember if the first 3 digits are: then it is Made in China. First of all, the two- or three-digit country codes referenced above are incorporated into the European Article Number EAN bar code standard, but not into the UPC-A bar code which is most commonly used in the U.
Moreover, what those EAN country codes indicate is the country or economic region where a particular bar code was assignednot necessarily the country where the product identified by that bar code was made:. The 3-digit prefix code indicates which numbering organization has allocated the bank of numbers to the company.
For example, a company may have its headquarters in South Africa. The prefix code is a way to have plus EAN member organizations issuing numbers without having to worry about duplicate numbers. In that case the bar coding would be of little help to consumers who for whatever reason were desirous of avoiding food products grown in Guatemala. It may be the case that in some parts of the world there is a fair degree of correlation between assignment of bar codes and product origins i.
In determining the country of origin of a product sold in the U. The story of a Texas woman who reportedly shared a Facebook post claiming the coronavirus outbreak was a hoax — and later reportedly died from the virus — reminds us of the dangerous potential of misinformation.
The coronavirus responsible for COVID has deadly adaptations that make it perfect for infecting humans. But this is a testament to natural selection, not bioengineering. Pollution levels in India did drop dramatically in Aprilbut beyond that the story gets a little more hazy. The U. No, but Walmart and other stores have set aside dedicated shopping hours for senior citizens.
According to Arizona Rep. Masks were commonly worn during the "Spanish flu" pandemic, but this photograph doesn't show them. Help Snopes. Become a Founding Member! Claim The first three digits of a bar code indicate a product's country of origin. Rating Mixture About this rating. Do you rely on Snopes reporting? Become a member today. Origin In the wake of product scares involving melamine-tainted pet foods, lead-tainted toys, and melamine-tainted milk products, all originating in China, consumers in the U.
A popular online item of the time was a reflection of those fears, a message that purportedly provided simple, helpful instructions for determining the country of origin of any product: If the origin of what you buy is important to you, may I suggest that you write down on a card the size of your credit card and keep in your wallet, the following information.
The first 3 digits of the barcode is the country code wherein the product was made. Moreover, what those EAN country codes indicate is the country or economic region where a particular bar code was assignednot necessarily the country where the product identified by that bar code was made: Q: Does the EAN number indicate the country of origin of a product?An FDA product code describes a specific product and contains a combination of five to seven numbers and letters.
If the product has more than one name e. The easiest way to determine the product code is to become familiar with the product itself, including the label, the processing information, intended use of product, the container type, who will use or consume the product, etc. Visit the Product Code Builder Application and Tutorial for more information on building product codes. It designates the food group, source, product, use, pharmacological action, category, or animal species of the product.
All products will have a Class Code. Class codes for radiation-emitting products, medical devices and in-vitro diagnostics are linked to the Product Group letters, see below. Subclass Code : This element is one letter a-z and represents the container type, method of application, use, market class or material the product is being packaged in.
Medical devices do not have subclass codes and are represented by a hyphen. Process Indicator Code PIC : This element is one letter a-z and describes the process, storage or dosage form depending on the type of product. When in doubt, you may wish to contact the manufacturer for processing information.
Medical devices, cosmetics, and some animal use products do not have a PIC and are represented by a hyphen. Product Group : This element is two characters in length and may contain either letters or numbers. This element identifies the specific product. For medical devices, the product group element is two letters and when used in conjunction with the class element, identifies a specific medical device. What resources are available to help me create a product code?
It contains seven lessons. You can go through them in order or jump to a lesson that meets your immediate needs. Four of the lessons cover specific commodity groups:. By building upon the code portions you select, the application will provide you with choices for each of the five components of the product code Industry, Class, Subclass, PIC, and Product.
The Product Code Builder has helpful tips to assist in building a product code. This does not replace the current online Product Code Builder but compliments it by providing trade a method to program existing software to query and verify FDA Product Codes.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
What is an FDA product code? What is the structure of an FDA product code? Examples of Product Codes What resources are available to help me create a product code? Back to top What is the structure of an FDA product code?SIC for "food-manufacturing". Establishments primarily engaged in the retail sale of prepared food and drinks for on-premise or immediate consumption.
Caterers and industrial and institutional food service establishments are also included in this industry. Examples: Concession stands, prepared food e. See Companies for SIC Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use by the food products and beverage manufacturing industries and similar machinery for use in manufacturing animal foods.
Examples: Choppers, food : commercial types, Dehydrating equipment, food processing, Food choppers, grinders. Stores, commonly known as supermarkets, food stores, and grocery stores, primarily engaged in the retail sale of all sorts of canned foods and dry goods, such as tea, coffee, spices, sugar, and flour; fresh fruits and vegetables; and fresh and prepared meats, fish, and poultry. Examples: Convenience food stores - retail, Food markets - retail, Frozen food and freezer plans, except.
Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prepared foods and miscellaneous food specialties, not elsewhere classified, such as baking powder, yeast, and other leavening compounds; peanut butter; packaged tea, including instant; ground spices; and vinegar and cider. Also included in this industry are establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dry preparations, except flour mixes, ….
Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-folding food containers from special foodboard. Important products of this industry include fluid milk containers, round nested food containers, paper cups for hot or cold drinks, and stamped plates, dishes, spoons, and similar products. Examples: Containers, foodsanitary: except folding - made from purchased materials, Food containers, non-folding. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prepared feeds and feed ingredients and adjuncts for animals and fowls, except dogs and cats.
Included in this industry are poultry and livestock feed and feed ingredients, such as alfalfa meal, feed supplements, and feed concentrates and feed premixes. Also included are establishments primarily engaged in slaughtering animals for animal feed.
Examples: Bird foodprepared, Buttermilk emulsion for animal foodEarthworm food and bedding, Fish. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cereal breakfast foods and related preparations, except breakfast bars. Examples: Breakfast foodscereal, Corn, hulled cereal breakfast foodFarina, cereal breakfast food.
Establishments primarily engaged in the retail sale of specialized foods, not elsewhere classified, such as eggs, poultry, health foods, spices, herbs, coffee, and tea. The poultry stores may sell live poultry, slaughter and clean poultry for their own account, and sell dressed fowls, or sell fowls cleaned and dressed by others.
Examples: Dietetic food stores - retail, Health food stores - retail, Vitamin food stores - retail. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dog and cat food from cereal, meat, and other ingredients.
These preparations may be canned, frozen, or dry. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing flavoring extracts, syrups, powders, and related products, not elsewhere classified, for soda fountain use or for the manufacture of soft drinks, and colors for bakers' and confectioners' use. Examples: Burnt sugar food colorFood colorings, except synthetic, Food glace, for glazing foods. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machines and equipment, not elsewhere classified, for use in service industries, such as floor sanding machines, industrial vacuum cleaners, scrubbing machines, commercial cooking and food warming equipment, and commercial dishwashing machines.
Examples: Cafeteria food warming equipment, Food warming equipment, commercial, Ovens, cafeteria food. Establishments primarily engaged in the warehousing and storage of perishable goods under refrigeration. The establishments may also rent locker space for the storage of food products for individual households and provide incidental services for processing, preparing, or packaging such food for storage.
Examples: Food lockers, rental, Frozen food locker rental. Establishments primarily engaged in the wholesale distribution of groceries and related products, not elsewhere classified. Establishments primarily engaged in the wholesale distribution of soft drinks, and in bottling and distributing natural spring and mineral waters, are classified in this industry. Examples: Canned goods: fruits, vegetables, fish, seafoodsmeats, and, Cleaning of dry foods and spices .Jump to content.
Another suggestion for lot code is use julian date code. A lot of company uses julian date to identify the day their product was manufactured. So it all depends on what is most convenient for your company and the resources available to put the codes on your products. Community Forum Software by IP. Board Licensed to: Saferpak Limited. FSL Articles News Blogs Events Images.
Any idea on where to find the manufacturing code? Started by luisisJul 19 PM. You cannot start a new topic Please log in to reply. United States. Posted 19 July - PM I am working on my lot numbering system and I will need the manufacturing code for our products lot code. Thanked by 1 Member:. Posted 19 July - PM I am a little confused when you say 'manufacturing code'.
Posted 19 July - PM in order to codify our final products we will need to start with some digits to represent the manufacturing code.Thanks for visiting Consumerist. As of OctoberConsumerist is no longer producing new content, but feel free to browse through our archives. Here you can find 12 years worth of articles on everything from how to avoid dodgy scams to writing an effective complaint letter. Check out some of our greatest hits below, explore the categories listed on the left-hand side of the page, or head to CR.
On the Today Show this morning, food editor Phil Lempert showed America how to figure out when your food was really manufactured. From the Today Show transcript :. To find the manufacturer code, look near the expiration date or at the top of the package. Most codes are imprinted at the time of product manufacture, so look for an embossed or ink-jet series of letters and numbers. The first letter, J, denotes the month the product was manufactured.
Most food companies start their manufacturing year in June and start their coding with the letter A. That means that A is June, B is July, etc.
The exception is the letter I, which is never used to avoid the possible confusion with the number 1. Counting the months, we find that J refers to February. The first number, 5, refers to the last number in the year of manufacture. The next two numbers, 2 and 8, are the exact day of manufacture: So far, with J, we have figured out that the manufacturing date was February 28, Remember that this is the date the product was made. It does not refer to the freshness or expiration date.
Some products are manufactured two months or more before they are delivered to the supermarket. Next we have the W. Most times, it is a plant designation and tells us the city of manufacture. Last, we see a 3. Here again, check with the manufacturer. It often refers to a particular shift, crew or machine. Most times it means third shift. Why is that important?